R2:2013 -The R2 standard sets forth requirements relating to environmental and public health, worker health and safety, security, and the entire chain of custody of toxic materials through final disposition. It prohibits e-recyclers and their downstream vendors from exporting these more toxic materials to countries that have enacted laws making their import illegal. Embedded within the R2 standard are the ISO 14001 and ISO 45001 standards as frameworks.
ISO 14001:2015-The ISO 14001 standard provides a framework for organizations to implement an environmental management system. The standard indicates that an organization is measuring and improving its environmental impact, including increased energy efficiency and reduction of wastes.
ISO 45001:2018-The ISO 45001 standard provides guidance for the development and maintenance of occupational health and safety management systems. The OH&S management system helps organizations to improve occupational health at work places, eliminate hazards, prevent work-related injuries, minimize OH&S risks, and proactively improve their OH&S performance.